Election Redistricting Proposals

The City of Wheaton is divided into four Election Districts, with one City Council member elected to represent each district: North, East, South, and West districts. This map shows the current election district boundaries (PDF). In order to ensure residents are equally represented, it is important for these districts to contain as close to the same number of residents as possible.

What is Redistricting?

Redistricting is the process of redrawing the boundaries of voting districts based on changes in population. For the City of Wheaton’s Council Districts, this occurs when the results of the U.S. Census show the populations between council districts have become more unequal. State and Federal Law provide a guideline that no two districts should have more than a 10 percent population deviation from the “ideal” population. The “ideal” population is how many people would be in each district if they were all exactly equal based on the City’s total population. Following the 2020 Census, the City determined that its North and South Council Districts exceeded that 10 percent deviation; the population difference between the two is now 14.26%. The table below shows the percentage above or below the "ideal" population, with the total spread between the amount the North District is above the "ideal" population and the amount the South District is below the "ideal" population being 14.26%.

Current City Council District Populations and Deviation

Council District
2020 Population (#)
Deviation (%)
North
14,324
6.16%
East
13,912
3.11%
South
12,399
-8.10%
West
13,335
-1.17%

Considering how populations have shifted, the City Council directed staff to generate several redistricting proposals for the City to consider adopting. At a minimum, each of these proposals needed to distribute the City’s population more equally across each of the four council districts. Looking at the data above, that meant shifting the district boundaries of the South and West Council Districts to absorb some of the population currently in the North and East Council Districts.

Existing Election District Boundaries

Existing Election District Boundaries

Guiding Principles for Redrawing Boundaries

In addition to equalizing the population between districts, the City Council adopted several guiding principles that staff incorporated while creating proposals for new council district boundaries:

  1. Equal population per district, close to zero deviation from ideal
  2. Districts are composed of territory that is contiguous and reasonably compact
  3. Each of the four districts will contain the residence of an incumbent in-district council member
  4. Use key streets and geographic boundaries to facilitate voter comprehension
  5. Use established precinct boundaries to minimize election administration burden
  6. Transparency: advance the ongoing public communications of the redistricting effort
  7. Minimize the number of residents impacted by redistricting
  8. Incorporate neighborhood characteristics in redistricting

Staff developed a set of nominal and quantitative measures based on these guiding principles to help compare the City’s current council districts and redistricting proposals to one another. Full explanations of how these measures were calculated can be found in this informational packet on Page 2.

Note, there is no measurement for the “transparency” principle. However, we are helping communicate the 2022 Redistricting effort to residents through the City's website, social media, email, and multiple public meetings. We are encouraging residents to provide public comment on the proposals and final ordinance through these meetings and email, which are outlined below.

Final Redistricting Proposals

At the City Council’s August 22, 2022, Planning Session, the Council identified two proposals as final options for redistricting. The City Council will select one of these proposals at the September 12, 2022, Planning Session and will direct the City to draft an ordinance that will formalize the new city council district boundaries. The Council will consider the final ordinance formalizing the chosen proposal at two separate council meetings in October 2022. The Council anticipates voting on the ordinance at its Oct. 17 meeting.

Redistricting Proposal 1

Wheaton 2022 Redistricting - Proposal 1

Notable changes in Proposal 1 Boundaries from Current Election Districts

  • The East District’s northmost boundary shifts north along President Street, then follows east along North Path, and then continues east along Pick Street to the Union Pacific Railroad. This shift is mirrored for the North District, where the boundary moves north from the Union Pacific Railroad along the path described for the East District.
  • The West District’s easternmost boundary shifts westwards back to Naperville Road going south, then follows west along Roosevelt Road, and continues south along Warrenville Road. This shift is mirrored for the South District, where the boundary moves north and then west along the same path described for the West District.
  • The South District’s boundary with the East District shifts north from Tennyson Drive to the southern edge of Lincoln School, follows east along Blanchard Street, and then continues south to Tara Court. This shift is mirrored for the East District, where the boundary moves north and east along the same path described for the South District.
  • The South District’s southeastern boundary with the East District shifts north from Briar Glen School to follow the property lines of Briar Patch Park. This shift is mirrored for the East District, where the boundary moves further north and east along the path described for the South District.
Measures of Guiding Principles
Proposal 1
Maximum Deviation from Ideal Population between Two Council Districts
5.86%
Are all Districts Fully Contiguous?
Yes
Average District Compactness (Polsby-Popper Test: 0-100%)
17.5%
Do All Districts Have an In-District Incumbent?
Yes
Proportion of Arterial and Geographic Boundaries Between Districts
40%
Number of Precincts that are Split Across Districts
3
Number of Residents in a New Council District
2,515
Number of Non-Arterials Streets with Addresses Split Between Districts
1

Redistricting Proposal 2

Wheaton 2022 Redistricting - Proposal 2

Notable changes in Proposal 2 Boundaries from Current Election Districts

  • The East District’s northern boundary shifts north along President Street, then follows east along North Path, and then continues east along Pick Street to the Union Pacific Railroad. This shift is mirrored for the North District, where the boundary moving north from the Union Pacific Railroad for the path described.
  • The West District’s eastern boundary shifts back to Naperville Road going south, follows west along Roosevelt Road, then continues south along the east side of Whittier School, follows Arbor Avenue to the west, continues south across residential property lines, follows east on Elm, continue south on Hale, and continues east to Spring Brook Creek. This shift is mirrored for the South District, where the boundary moves north and west along the same boundary described for the West District.
  • The South District’s boundary with the East District shifts north from Tennyson Drive to the southern edge of Lincoln School, follows east along Blanchard Street, and then continues south to Tara Court. This shift is mirrored for the East District, where the boundary moves north and east along the same path described for the South District.
  • The East District’s southern boundary with South District shifts west along the northern property line of Briar Glen School, continues south residential property lines and Hawkins Circle, and then continues east along the southern property line of Briar Glen School. This shift is mirrored for the South District, where the boundary now moves further west and follows the same path described for the East District.
Measures of Guiding Principles
Proposal 2
Maximum Deviation from Ideal Population between Two Council Districts
0.75%
Are all Districts Fully Contiguous?
Yes
Average District Compactness (Polsby-Popper Test: 0-100%)
19.0%
Do All Districts Have an In-District Incumbent?
Yes
Proportion of Arterial and Geographic Boundaries Between Districts
35%
Number of Precincts that are Split Across Districts
1
Number of Residents in a New Council District
2,565
Number of Non-Arterials Streets with Addresses Split Between Districts
2

Informational Packet

Residents interested in the City’s full redistricting process, established measure for the guiding principles, and higher resolution map files can view the informational packet.

Interactive Map

You can see your address in relation to the redistricting proposals by using this interactive map. To change which proposal you are viewing, click on the layers icon.

Frequently Asked Questions

How will redistricting affect residents?

The City has four (4) council election districts. The residents within each of these districts elect a district council representative to serve on the Wheaton City Council. Since the boundaries of these districts will be changed, some residents will be in a different district. For example, several residents that were previously in the North District between President Street, North Path, and Pick Street would be in the East District during the next election to choose a district Council representative, which will be in April 2025.

Will redistricting affect the election of the Mayor and At-Large Councilmembers in 2023?

No. New district boundaries will only affect future district council member elections and will have no effect on how residents vote to select the City’s Mayor and at-large Council members in the 2023 municipal election.

Does redistricting have any impact on our school district or other jurisdictions?

No. Redistricting will not affect local school district boundaries or those of other jurisdictions, such as boundaries for DuPage County Board seats. Redistricting only affects Wheaton’s district council member elections.